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La tunisie Medicale - 2022 ; Vol 100 ( n°012 ) : 881-886
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Introduction: Bacillus Calmette Guerin (BCG) vaccine, which is administered to all newborns in Tunisia, can lead to serious complications ranging from local disease to disseminated disease in a group of patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases.
Case report: A 3-month-old boy presented with persistent fever, hepato-splenomegaly and multiple osteolytic lesions. He was diagnosed with severe combined immunodeficiency disease and disseminated BCG infection. Despite anti-tubercular therapy combined with intravenous immunoglobulin, the evolution was fatal.
Conclusion: The case highlights the possible risk of such rare yet lethal complication of BCG vaccine. In suspected cases of primary immunodeficiency disease, inoculation of BCG should be postponed until appropriate screening tests exclude such diagnosis to prevent serious complications.

Key - Words
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Tunisia treatment diagnosis Child surgery prognosis epidemiology Risk factors Children Crohn’s disease prevalence Breast cancer Cancer obesity screening
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